Vera Leigh (born Vera Glass on March 17, 1903 in Leeds, England - died 6 July 1944 in Natzweiler-Struthof) was a British spy during World War II who assisted the French Resistance. In 1944 she was captured by the Germans and executed.
Abandoned by her parents soon after birth, she was adopted by Eugene Leigh, an American racehorse trainer who owned stables at Maisons Laffitte near Paris, France.
She had an early ambition to become a jockey, but after completing her education she worked as a dress designer. In 1927 she went into partnership with two friends to establish a 'grand maison' (fashion house) known as Rose Valoie in the Place Vendôme, Paris.
After the fall of Paris in the Second World War, Leigh left for Lyon to join her fiancé. She became involved in the French Resistance, helping to run an escape line for Allied servicemen trapped behind enemy lines. In 1942 she used the same escape route to cross the Pyrenees to Spain in the hope of reaching England, but found herself imprisoned for several months at the Miranda de Ilbro internment camp near Bilbao. Eventually, with assistance from a British Embassy official, Leigh was released from the camp and completed the journey to England via Gibraltar.
After offering her services for the war effort, Leigh came to the attention of the Special Operations Executive, who recruited her for F Section, and she became an Ensign in the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry. Leigh was dispatched on her first and only mission and returned to France on May 13, 1943. She arrived at a field in the Cher Valley, near Tours, one of four new arrivals that night who were received by F Section's air movements officer, Henri Dericourt. Her companions were Julienne Aisner, Sidney Jones and Marcel Clech. Aisner was to be a courier for Dericourt's Farrier circuit, while Jones (an arms instructor) and Clech (a wireless operator) were to join Leigh in establishing a new sub-circuit known as 'Inventor', which was to work alongside the Prosper network.
After receiving further instructions at a safe house in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Leigh took an apartment in Paris and carried messages from Jones in and out of the city as far as the Ardennes. One day in the Gare Saint-Lazare, she met by chance her sister's husband, who ran a safe house for Allied airmen as part of an escape line. She increased her own risk by becoming involved with this operation, escorting some of the men through the Parisian streets to their next contacts. She also socialised openly with other agents, including Julienne Aisner.
Capture and execution
On October 30, Leigh was arrested at a café near the Place des Ternes and taken to Fresnes prison. The Germans already knew everything about her activities. On May 13, 1944, Leigh was taken from Fresnes prison to 84 Avenue Foch, the Paris headquarters of the Sicherheitsdienst. Others taken there at the same time included Andrée Borrel, Odette Sansom, Diana Rowden, Yolande Beekman, Eliane Plewman, Sonya Olschanezky and Madeleine Damerment. On 6 July 1944, Leigh, Diana Rowden, Andrée Borrel, and Sonya Olschanezky were taken to the concentration camp at Natzweiler. Later that day they were injected with phenol and placed in the crematorium furnace.